Frames Per Second: Selections from the OHS 16mm News Film Collection, 1969-1981

Scans from the KOIN and the KPTV 16mm News Film Collections

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The images in this exhibit are scans from the KOIN and KPTV 16mm news film collections held at the Oregon Historical Society (OHS) Research Library. Every three frames of 16mm film represents 1/8 of a second — or just faster than the blink of an eye.

In 2014, OHS film archivists pulled approximately two hours of this footage for the Oregon Experience program “Lift Ev’ry Voice” — a co-production between OHS and Oregon Public Broadcasting. In a film archive, a “pull” refers to a single footage request, usually around a specific topic, that first requires research in to what might exist in the collection. The available stories are then physically located, pulled, and spliced (taped) together onto larger reels around that one subject. For this pull, relating broadly to civil rights and the African American experience in Portland, only a small portion of the footage made the final edit of the documentary.

KOIN, R1, 1. 5/22/1969: Roosevelt High School

KOIN, R1.

1. 5/22/1969: Roosevelt High School: All student assembly, only newsmen & Principal Arthur Westcott allowed in. Wescott addresses students as a result of the disputes between the black & white students. color/sil/sof 2 2:05

KOIN, R1, 2. 6/16/1969: Albina; R.L. Anderson of Albina Citizens Council or the Black Berets announces will start own armed police patrol. sil/sof	2

KOIN, R1.

2. 6/16/1969: Albina; R.L. Anderson of Albina Citizens Council or the Black Berets announces will start own armed police patrol. sil/sof 2

KOIN, R2. 3. 8/22/1969: Albina

KOIN, R2.

3. 8/22/1969: Albina; Portland Public School Admin taken on Soul Tour of the Albina district. sil/sof 2 :53

KOIN, R2, 4. 1/15/1970: Albina March

KOIN, R2.

4. 1/15/1970: Albina March; parade bolstered by black students who stayed away from school wound thru Albina district from start in Dawson Park to Unthank Park. #00 people, not confined to students marched. Democratic candidate for governor Art Pearl marched & explains why. sil/sof 2 3:06

KOIN, R2. 5. 2/19/1970 Black Panther shooting incident

KOIN, R2.

5. 2/19/1970 Black Panther shooting incident; Portland Black Panther Capt. Kent Ford, describes what he said were eyewitness accounts of incident. PSU students were marching to City Hall and disrupted a council meeting; calling for community control of police, the Mayor, Terry Schrunk tried to talk with them. sof 4 3:44

KOIN, R3, 6. 5/19/1970: Albina Rally

KOIN, R3.

6. 5/19/1970: Albina Rally; rally in Unthank Park, thought to be memorial service for recent shooting deaths of 8 southern blacks. Gathering to today memorial birthday of Malcolm X. Phil McLauren, director of Black Studies at PSU talks "need to get it together to challenge whites. sil/sof 2 2:18

KOIN, R3. 7. 10/21/1970: Emanuel Hospital

KOIN, R3.

7. 10/21/1970: Emanuel Hospital; council chambers filled to capacity by member of Junior League who made up 1/2 of audience, members of Emanuel displaced persons assoc. said were concerned about being relocated with dignity & without financial loss. Mrs. Leo Warren, chairman of group presented council with 2 positions. sil/sof 2 4:01

KOIN, R3. 8. 7/31/1972: Black Caucus

KOIN, R3.

8. 7/31/1972: Black Caucus; Fledgling Black Caucus moved deeper into the state's political arena today with announcement of Oregon Black Agenda. Document is result of political convention. Lee Brown & John Toran talk. sil/sof 3 2:41

KOIN, R4. 9. 2/16/1973: Albina Youth Opportunity School

KOIN, R4.

9. 2/16/1973: Albina Youth Opportunity School; Future of federally funded agencies appears to be headed toward end. Students form Albina Youth School went to Robert Blanchard & got letter from him opposing federal funding cutback. Blanchard talks about the school. sil/sof 2 1:38

KOIN, R4. 10. 2/12/1974: Black Cultural Month

KOIN, R4.

10. 2/12/1974: Black Cultural Month; Creativity Through Work was the theme for the 4th annual Black Cultural Month at Portland State university. Observance has not been a success. Chairman of the BCA board, Joseph McHery talks about apathy as reason for failure. sof 2 1:58

KOIN, R4. 11. 3/21/1975: Shooting Protest

KOIN, R4.

11. 3/21/1975: Shooting Protest; just a week ago Portland Police Officer shot & killed 17 year old black youth named Ricky Johnson. Young man killed while he & a friend allegedly preparing to commit robbery. Charlotte Williams of Black Student Union at Portland State University called the killing a murder. sof 2, :38

KOIN, R4. 12. 3/24/1975: Shooting

KOIN, R4.

12. 3/24/1975: Shooting; public interest in the shooting of 17 year old Ricky Johnson such that the D.A. ordered inquest into incident. File film of the demonstration on 3/22/75. Goldschmidt responded to questions about the shooting and police bureau policy. sof 3 1:40

KOIN, R5. 13. 3/27/1975: Shooting Aftermath

KOIN, R5.

13. 3/27/1975: Shooting Aftermath; some members of the city's black community met today with Mayor Goldschmidt to discuss the tension in N. Portland they say resulted from the police shooting of Ricky Johnson 2 weeks ago. Albina Ministerial Alliance held what they called a friendly meeting with the Mayor, making suggestions. Rev. Thomas Strayband of Allen Temple Church & Goldschmidt talks. sof 5 2:44

KOIN, R5. 14. 4/1/1977: Shooting Aftermath

KOIN, R5.

14. 4/1/1977: Shooting Aftermath; group of Blacks expressing dismay and anger at shooting of Ricky Johnson and white steelworker attended meeting of Black Justice Committee. Want to show concern over the inquest into shooting. sof 2 1:08

KOIN, R5. 15. 5/10/1977: Black Community Legislation

KOIN, R5.

15. 5/10/1977: Black Community Legislation; Darrel Miller, Chairman of Portland State University's Black Studies Dept. says it's necessary to improve the quality of life for Oregon's 27 thousand Black's to Oregon Legislature working to approve Senate bill 8-50. Sof, 2:27

KOIN, R6. 16. 4/1/1978: Albina Neighborhood

KOIN, R6.

16. 4/1/1978: Albina Neighborhood; Albina neighborhood group is trying to force some absentee property owners to fix up their abandoned buildings. Gypsy Hopkins of Albina Fair Share talks about it. sof 2, 1:00

KOIN, R6. 17. 4/15/1978: Black Voter Registration

KOIN, R6.

17. 4/15/1978: Black Voter Registration; Black leaders in Portland's Albina neighborhood are marking 10th anniversary of the death of Martin Luther King with a voter registration drive. Shot at King Neighborhood Center 4815 NE 7th Ave.

KOIN, R6. 18. 8/31/1979: School Desegregation

KOIN, R6.

18. 8/31/1979: School Desegregation; the Community Coalition for School desegregation accuses PPS district officials of regarding desegregation as a political rather than moral issue. Talk with Mary Edwards, co-chr. Coalition for School Integration & Frank McNamara, Ch. Portland School board.

KPTV 19. Opposum Rally

KPTV

19. Opposum Rally: Protestors of police rally ant:53 sof: 1:05

KPTV 20. Pig Head

KPTV

20. Pig Head: citizens carry head of pig on a stick ant :25

Identifying news stories within the OHS news collections requires familiarity with the resources created by the news organizations themselves. In Portland, stations included KOIN, KPTV, KGW, and KATU – all of which have at least some film in the OHS collection. Subject matter varied and included topics such as the Rose Festival, Blazer games, and urban development. Not all of the stations maintained easily searchable indexes to aid in pulling the film. At KOIN, the news stories were organized by subject and year. KPTV stories, however, are listed by date only. It is possible to search a variety of KOIN subjects with the main requirement being that it was noted as being “newsworthy” at the time. Some of the search terms for this pull included: Albina; Union Ave riots; “Don't Choke 'Em. Smoke 'Em"; E. Shelton Hill; Black United Front; Kent Ford; and Black Panther’s Dental Clinic. For this project, archivists pulled enough stories to fill seven reels in total, each approximately 20 minutes in length. These stories represent, in part, the day-to-day events that helped shape Portland from 1969 to 1981.

Beginning in the early 1960s, stations across the country started using 16mm film to document news outside the studio. With the ability to capture synchronized sound and a capacity to record up to 11 minutes per one 400-foot reel, 16mm film allowed for on-location reporting for the first time. Reels from the early 1960s were often shot on black-and-white negative stock, but as the decade wore on, stations shifted to color reversal film, often Kodak Ektachrome. The benefit of reversal stock was that there was no negative to process; the film in the camera was the image used for broadcast. Needing only to develop the camera original saved both time and money. Until the late 1970s, when analog video tape became more accessible, 16mm film was news stations’ format of choice.

The prints in this exhibit are scans of camera originals that were donated by the news stations to OHS in the late 1980s.