“What Shall Be Done with Her?”: Frances Fuller Victor Analyzes “The Woman Question” in Oregon
by Sheri Bartlett Browne
Sheri Bartlett Browne examines Frances Fuller Victor’s multifaceted contributions to the Oregon equal rights movement in the nineteenth century. Victor provided an intellectual foundation for women’s economic and political activism through her fiction and prose essays during the 1870s. She often wrote for Abigail Scott Duniway’s weekly newspaper, The New Northwest. Critiquing American gender norms, Victor argued forcefully that a deeply unequal social system condemned women to a subjugated status, eroding their socioeconomic and political opportunities and distorting their relationships with one another. Victor urged women to develop self-awareness and greater knowledge — to “investigate for themselves” — the intertwining roots of oppression in order to promote and achieve equal rights.
Sheri Bartlett Browne is an associate professor of history and women’s studies at Tennessee State University in Nashville. Originally from Reno, Nevada, she earned a B.A. from Lewis & Clark College and a Ph.D. in History from the University of Minnesota. She is the author of Eva Emery Dye: Romance with the West(Oregon State University Press, 2004) and is presently writing an intellectual biography of Frances Fuller Victor.
Senator Wayne L. Morse’s Challenge to the Cold War Presidency
by Larry Ceplair
Historian Larry Ceplair argues that no other public figure dissented as strongly, eloquently, and lengthily against United States involvement in Vietnam as did Wayne L. Morse, the four-term United States Senator from Oregon (1945–1969). That campaign, however, was only one of several he fought to prevent the executive branch from taking the nation to war without congressional approval. Morse spoke against every resolution giving the president a blank-check, in the straits of Taiwan, the Middle East, and the Gulf of Tonkin. His words registered on the planners of the war, the antiwar movement, and some members of Congress. Legislation he had proposed to limit the war powers of the president eventually was passed by Congress. Nevertheless, Ceplair points out, presidential war continues as an unwritten amendment to the Constitution of the United States.
Larry Ceplair is a retired professor of history. His main field of work has been the motion-picture blacklist, but he has also done work in feminist history and social history. His latest book is Anti-Communism in Twentieth-Century America: A Critical History (Praeger).