'For Working Women in
Oregon': Caroline Gleason/Sister Miriam Theresa and Oregon's Minimum Wage Law
by Janice Dilg
During the great labor disputes of the early twentieth century's Progressive Era, Oregon became the seat for the first minimum wage law for women workers, due largely to the tireless championing of the cause by Caroline Glisan/Sister Miriam Theresa and organizations like the National Consumer League and the Catholic Women's League. Historian Janice Dilg draws on Gleason's own papers (including the Social Survey of Oregon labor that Gleason administered) as well as scholarly secondary sources to discuss the theoretical debates behind women's protective legislation and the implications of that legislation as activists and courts pushed for and against equality between the sexes.
Janice Dilg is an independent scholar from Portland, Oregon. She holds an MA in history from Portland State University and has contributed to numerous regional public history projects. As the Oral History Liaison, she coordinates the oral history project between the Oregon Historical Society and the U.S. District Court of Oregon Historical Society. Since 2006, she has been an adjunct instructor at Portland State and is developing the Women City Builder's website, which highlights women's civic contributions to the city of Portland. She is currently working on the 2012 centennial of woman suffrage in Oregon.
'Standing out here in
the surf': The Termination and Restoration of the Coos, Lower Umpqua, and
Siuslaw Indians of Western Oregon in Historical Perspective
by David R.M. Beck
In 1855, leaders of many coastal Native American tribes signed a treaty with the United States government, reserving some lands and maintaining for their peoples access to other lands and resources of the region. The treaty was never ratified by Congress, however, and a series of nineteenth- and twentieth-century federal policies left the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians without federally recognized tribal status and in a prolonged litigation struggle with the government. Historian David R.M. Beck draws on federal archives and oral histories of many of the tribal leaders who have been major voices in the battle for restored status, concluding that persistence and stories of identity were the basis for the tribes' eventual winning of recognition in the mid 1980s.
David R.M. Beck, a professor in the Native American Studies Department at the University of Montana in Missoula, earned a Ph.D. in history from the University of Illinois at Chicago. He is currently conducting research in twentieth century American Indian history and federal Indian policy. His books Siege and Survival: History of the Menominee Indians, 1634–1856 (2002) and The Struggle for Self Determination: History of the Menominee Indians since 1854 (2005) both won the Wisconsin Historical Society book award.