In this Issue:
Confrontation at the Locks: A Protest of Japanese Removal and Incarceration During World War II
by Charles Davis and Jeffrey Kovac
Jeffrey Kovac builds on a manuscript written by Charles Davis, who was a conscientious objector (CO) stationed at a Civilian Public Service (CPS) camp near Cascade Locks, Oregon, during World War II. Davis and other pacifists who lived and worked at the camp protested when the federal government ordered a CO of Japanese descent to be transferred from the CPS camp to an internment camp. Kovac combines Davis’s manuscript with other primary source material to narrate the story of how men with strong convictions organized one of the few sustained protests of internment during World War II.
“The Utmost Human Consequence”: Art and Peace on the Oregon Coast, 1942–1946
by Katrine Barber and Eliza Elkins Jones
Thousands of pacifists were conscripted during World War II and many served their time at Civilian Public Service (CPS) camps across the country, where they worked for civilian agencies such as the U.S. Forest Service. At a CPS camp near Waldport, Oregon, a group of conscientious objectors formed an after-hours study group that was dedicated to production of and discussion about art and its relationship to peace. Katrine Barber and Eliza Elkins Jones use archival records from the camp and oral histories – including interviews with a woman who lived and worked at the camp – to describe a World War II community focused on peace and art.
Telling Stories, Building Altars: Mexican American Women’s Altars in Oregon
by Gabriella Ricciardi
Mexican women who migrate to Oregon bring with them traditions of women’s altars, which they have learned from generations of women in their families. Gabriella Ricciardi draws from conversations with Mexican women who live in Oregon and from study of the altars themselves to explore the connections between the women’s transnational experience and the altars they build. Her study gives readers a glimpse of how cultural expression in Oregon today links residents to the long history of migration and religious exploration in the Americas.
Reflections on Lewis and Clark
Six Metaphors in Search of an Epic, by Clay Jenkinson
Reviewing the Bicentennial, by Christopher Zinn
Oregonians and the Lewis and Clark Bicentennial, by Jeremy Skinner With the close of the Bicentennial of the Lewis and Clark Expedition — officially over on September 23, 2006, two hundred years after the Corps of Discovery returned to St. Louis from their journey to the Pacific — it is appropriate to consider why the Lewis and Clark Expedition is important to understand and what we have we learned from the Bicentennial commemoration. In these essays, Clay Jenkinson, humanities scholar for Lewis & Clark College during the Bicentennial, helps us think about the enduring ideas that are suggested by our fascination with the Expedition, and Christopher Zinn, the former executive director of the Oregon Council for the Humanities, evaluates the impact of the intellectual products of the Bicentennial. Jeremy Skinner, an archivist at Lewis & Clark College and OHQ’s 2006–2007 Rose Tucker Fellow, concludes these reflections on Lewis and Clark by examining the range of activities that Oregonians participated in during the Bicentennial.
“Dean of the Mountain”: Isaac “Ike” Guker, Hard Rock Gold Miner and Proprietor of the Great Northern Mine
by Nick Sheedy
In March 1898, Ike Guker uncovered a vein of gold on Little Canyon Mountain in eastern Oregon, and his find prompted a new era of lode-mining in the region. Drawing from family stories, newspaper articles, and legal documents, Nick Sheedy conveys the excitement felt by the community on the occasion of Ike’s discovery and narrates the story of the hard rock miner’s long, successful career in Grant County.
Imagining Fort Clatsop
by Frederick L. Brown
Among the vast documentation of the Lewis and Clark Expedition there is no definitive description of Fort Clastop, where the Corps of Discovery spent the winter of 1805-1806 near what is now Astoria, Oregon. Through this meticulous study of recorded details about the fort’s construction, Frederick L. Brown allows readers to imagine how Fort Clatsop appeared to Indians who visited it and to Expedition members who lived there.
Forty-One Cents: The Pendleton–Pilot Rock Stage Line
by James J. Kopp
During much of the twentieth century, “short-haul carriers” such as the Pendleton–Pilot Rock Stage Line provided Oregonians with an inexpensive way to transport goods and people from one town to another. In this memoir piece, James J. Kopp tells the story of how his family came to operate the Pendleton–Pilot Rock Stage Line, what it provided to businesses and residents of the communities it served, and how the business changed with technology and the times while maintaining quality service at a reasonable price.