In his April 2, 1917 message to Congress, President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed that “the world must be made safe for democracy.” These famous words set a crucial precedent for U.S. global leadership and for democracy promotion in U.S. foreign policy that has been hotly contested, and yet, remains with us today. Nichols’s lecture will cover the key ideas and historical developments at stake in the World War era. His talk will touch on changing historical interpretions of the war and new findings as he explores U.S. commitments during the period of neutrality, debates over a declaration of war, the consequences of mobilization and joining the conflict, the fighting of the war, and the peace-making process at Versailles and beyond. Nichols will examine the world-wide as well as U.S. dynamics of the war, and global consequences, as he explains the postwar impact and the ways WWI continues to matter in terms of international relations and even U.S. domestic politics and society.
Christopher McKnight Nichols is Associate Professor of History at Oregon State University and Director of the OSU Center for the Humanities, where he also leads the OSU Citizenship and Crisis Initiative. He is an Andrew Carnegie Fellow and an Organization of American Historians Distinguished Lecturer. Nichols is a frequent commentator on the historical dimensions of U.S. foreign policy and politics. He is the author or editor of four books, most notably the award-winning Promise and Peril: America at the Dawn of a Global Age.
About the WWI Centennial Series
In recognition of the centennial of the United States’ entry into the First World War, the Oregon Historical Society has organized a series of public programs and a special feature in the Summer 2017 issue of the Oregon Historical Quarterly that bring together a group of outstanding scholars to engage the public in discussions regarding the war’s history and ongoing legacy. They will address topics such as how and why Americans resisted entering the war, how civil rights activists used the war to advance ongoing campaigns for citizenship, and how WWI-era creation of widespread state surveillance continues today.
The Society of American Indians, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, Inaugural Conference, 1911
With [the]coming to Camp Custer of over 2,000 [African American] soldiers, came [an] urgent need for a place where they might be entertained in the city. An unused factory room was secured, cleaned, equipped and put into service by the War Camp Community Service. Here the [African American] soldier met his civilian friends from the city. Battle Creek, Michigan.
National Archives, NWDNS-165-WW-127(137)
“Ring me again” Third Liberty Loan door placard
Library of Congress
“True Sons of Freedom” poster, Chas. Gustrine, Chicago, 1918.
Print shows African American soldiers fighting German soldiers in World War I, and head-and-shoulders portrait of Abraham Lincoln above.
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, ppmsca 18640 //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ppmsca.18640